Searching for Slovenian roots – Bill 3

Slovenian emigrants in United States immigration records

About 40 percent of all current U.S. citizens can trace at least one of their ancestors in records of Ellis Island federal immigration station, which served for more than 60 years as the main entry point (1892 – 1954). Millions of newly arrived immigrants passed through the station during that time. Saloon, cabin, and steerage aliens were required to be completely manifested upon arrival based on the regulations of the Secretary of the Tresury of the United States under Act of Congres. Before World War I people emigrated from Europe mainly from economical reasons, so they usually  passed the Atlantic ocean as steerage passangers.

The peak years of Ellis Island’s operation were from 1900 to 1914, when  some 5,000 to 10,000 people passed through the immigration station. They were medicaly and legaly inspected to determine if they were fit for entry into the United States. Approximately 80 percent successfully passed through in a matter of hours, but others could be detained for days or weeks.

The Commanding Officer of any vessel having alien passangers on board had to declare to the immigration officer upon arrival at a port of Unated States prescribed data, which have been made available to the public since 2001. Some data from ‘Manifest of Alien Passangers for Immigration Officer’ are available in a searcable database, but much more can be investigated from scanned millions of immigrant arrival records:

  • Coloumn of Ship manifest / Database
    01 List or Manifest of Alien Passangers for Immigration Officer at Port of Arrival / (A copy *.jpg)
    02 Arriving at port of _____ / Name of the port
    03 Arriving date__ / Date of Arrival
    04 The sheet for steerage passangers / Ship of Travel
    1    No. on List / Manifest Line Number
    2   Name in Full / First Name – Last Name
    3   Age ( Years, Months) / Age at Arrival
    4   Sex  / Gender
    5   Married or Single / Marital Status
    6   Calling or Occupation
    7   Able to Read / Write
    8   Nationality (Country of which citizen or Subject.) / Ethnicity
    9   Race or People
    10 Last residence (Last permanent residence. Country and City or Town) / Last Place of Residence
    11 Final destination (State, City, or Town)
    12 Whether having a ticket for such final destination.
    13 By whom was passage paid?
    14 Whether in possesion of $50, and if less, how much?
    15 Whether ever before in United States; and if so, when (year/ period) and where?
    16 Whether going to join a relative or friend; and if so, what relative or freind, and his name and complete address
    17 Ever in prison or …house or institution for care and treatment of… or supported by charity? If so, which?
    18 Whether a polygamist?
    19 Whether an Anarchist?
    20 Whether…?
    21(23*) Condition of Health. Mental and Physical.
    22(24*) Deformed or crippled. Nature, lenght of time, and cause.
    *SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION REQUIRED BY NATURALIZATION ACT APPROVED
    IN 29 June 1906
    25 Height (Feet. Inches. )
    26 Complexion
    27 Color of / Eyes. Hair.
    28 Marks of identification
    29 Place of birth / Country. City or Town.

Record of Andrew-Praznik_immigration-1899 was found in a database for New York – Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island):

  • Given Name: Andrej Surname: Praznik
    Last Place of Residence: Vel Lasce (Velike Lašče)
    Event Date: 02 May 1899
    Age: 25
    Nationality: Krain (Carniola)
    Departure Port: Bremen (Germany)
    Arrival Port: New York
    Gender: Male
    Marital Status: S (single)
    Ship Name: Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse

In immigrations records Slovenians have very rarely declared themselves to be of Krain nationality, although this was synonymous for ‘the Slovenian’. Most often they were recorded as from Austria, or after 1919 from Yougoslavia, but many times they simply told the last country they leaved from (for example Germany). Krain is nowadays south-western Slovenia (central European Union), but until 1919 it was a part of Austria-Hungary monarchy. Surprisingly the name of passanger was recorder 100 percent correctly: Andrej Praznik (25, from Velike Lasce; single, labourer, not able to read&write), who arrived on May 02, 1899 from port Bremen. He declared that he is going to go to St. Louis to an acquaintance (Josef Praznik, 42, immigrated already in 1892, another Josef Praznik, 29, in 1893). From ‘Manifest of Alien Passangers for Immigration Officer at Port of Arrival’ can be seen, that he travelled with other Krein people from Austrian monarchy, whose names and places should read correctly:

  • Marolt Marija (19, from Velike Lašče; single, no occupation, not able to read&write);
  • Marolt Josef (34, from Velike Lašče; married, labourer, not able to read&write);
  • Praznik Josefa (22, from Rašica; single, no occupation, not able to read&write);
  • Tomšič Jože (32, from Velike Lašče; married, labourer, not able to read&write);
  • Ivanc Franz (42, from Pusec = Pušče/Lužarji; married, labourer, not able to read&write).

US Census 1920 states that Andrew’s wife Agnes immigrated in 1900, but her immigration record has not yet been found. She might enter U. S. via other port, or more probably with her maiden name, which might not be Kosler, as recorded for the first time in 1905 (“Minnesota, Deaths and Burials, 1835-1990,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FD6N-WVS : accessed 2 January 2015: Agnes Kosler in entry for Babe Prosnik; father Andrew, 09 Jul 1905; citing Fayal, St. Louis, Minnesota, reference ; FHL microfilm 2,117,554). What we can be sure: she was not married to Andrew at time of her immigration in 1900, since Andrew immigrated as a single man in 1899.

To understand all questions in immigration records some history should be known. The U.S. first federal immigration law, the Naturalization Act in 1790, allowed all white males living in the U.S. for two years to become citizens. There was little regulation of immigration when the first great wave began in 1814. More Europeans began to immigrate with the passing of the Homestead Act in 1862. They were attracted by the opportunity to own land and rapid settlement of the West begun. Since 1875 prostitutes and criminals have been forbidden from entering the the United States. The Chinese Exclusion Act passed in 1882. Restricted as well were “lunatics” and “idiots.” Anarchists were denied admittance into the U.S. as of 1903. In 1907, a federal law excluded persons with physical and mental disabilities, as well as children arriving without adults. In 1917 the literacy test was introduced, and stayed on the books until 1952: those over the age of 16 who cannot read 30 to 40 test words in their native language, were no longer admitted through Ellis Island (Nearly all Asian immigrants were banned.).

The Immigration Quota Act was inforced in 1921, fixing annual immigration from any country up to 3 percent of the total number of immigrants from a country living in the U.S. in 1910. The National Origins Act of 1924 went even further, limiting total annual immigration to 165,000 and fixing quotas of immigrants from specific countries. But by 1932, the Great Depression took hold in the U.S., and for the first time more immigrants left the country than arrived. This was the end of mass immigration.

Ellis Island falls under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service as part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument since 1965; it has been open to the public since 1976.

Ellis Island falls under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service as part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument since 1965; it has been open to the public since 1976.

Table: Ellis Island immigration record summaries for Praznik people, entering Unitated States in 1892 – 1920.

(Download Praznik-immigrants-to-US)

Passanger Arrival Last Residence Ship name / Port od departure / Arrival Ethnicity / Age /Gender / Marital Status
Praznik, Josef 1892 WesternlandAntwerp

Mar 29, 1892

Austria, AustrianAge at Arrival:   42

Gender: M

Marital Status:

Praznik, Josef 1893 DresdenBremen

Jul 19, 1893

Austria, AustrianAge at Arrival: 29 y   Gender: M

Marital Status:

Praznik, Andrej 1899 Vel Lasce(=Velike Lašče) Kaiser Wilhelm der GrosseBremen

May 02, 1899

Carniola, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   25

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Josefa 1899 Rasica(=Rašica) Kaiser Wilhelm der GrosseBremen

May 02, 1899

Carniola, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   23

Gender: F

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Josef 1901 Laschite (=Lašiče=Velike Lašče) Arrival :Batavia

Boulogne-Sur-Mer Mar 20, 1901

Nationality: Austria, AustrianAge at Arrival:   24y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Juliana 1901 Laschite(=Lašiče=Velike Lašče) BataviaBoulogne-Sur-Mer Mar 20, 1901 Austria, AustrianAge at Arrival:   19y

Gender: F

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Josefb. 1880 1903 Last Place of Residence :Pristova

(= Pristava)

Arrival :Kronprinz Wilhelm

Bremen

June 3rd, 1903

Going to: friend, Josef Meglič, New Samershouse 6

Nationality :   Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival :   23y

Gender :   Male

Marital Status :   Married

Praznik, Nezab. 1882 1903 Last Place of Residence :     Pristova(= Pristava) Arrival :Kronprinz Wilhelm

Bremen

June 3rd, 1903

Going to: friend, Josef Meglič, New Samershouse 6

Nationality :     Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival :     21y

Gender :   Female

Marital Status :     Married

Praznik, Mate…sz 1903 Me…jek(=Medvedjek) Kronprinz WilhelmBremen

Mar 18, 1903

Carniola, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   22y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Janez 1905 Prhajevo Kaiser Wilhelm der GrosseBremen

Aug 03, 1905

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   32y

Gender: M

Marital Status: M

Praznik, Anton 1913 Marincek, Austria(=Marinčki) Kaiser Franz Josef ITrieste

Oct 05, 1913

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   42y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Anton 1914 Marinuk, Austria(=Marinčki) FranceLe Havre

Jan 03, 1914

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   19y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Anton 1913 Moraviska, Austria FranceLe Havre

Dec 12, 1913

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   9y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Karol 1905 Golce, Carniola Kronprinz WilhelmBremen

Oct 17, 1905

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   10y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Rozalya 1906 Prinsko, Austria VaderlandAntwerp

Aug 21, 1906

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   22y

Gender: F

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Karl 1906 Ramousko La TouraineHavre

Jan 27, 1906

Austria, AustrianAge at Arrival:   18y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Urban 1905 Brezova, Carniola Kaiser Wilhelm der GrosseBremen

Sep 26, 1905

Carniola, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   28y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Agnes 1910 Gottschec, Austria ClevelandCuxhaven

Nov 22, 1910

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   18y

Gender: F

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Franz 1914 Laibach, Austria(=Ljubljana) La LorraineHavre

May 09, 1914

Austria, AustrianAge at Arrival:   27y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Paulina 1902 Stynn CampaniaLiverpool

Mar 22, 1902

Austria, AustrianAge at Arrival:   22y

Gender: F

Marital Status:   W

Praznik, Ygnas 1900 Viniovh TraveBremen, Germany

Feb 10, 1900

Austria, AustrianAge at Arrival:   18y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Alois 1913 Lela, Austria La ProvenceHavre

Apr 19, 1913

Austria, AustrianAge at Arrival:   42y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Anton 1913 Ceseuce, Austria La LorraineHavre

Aug 23, 1913

Austria, SlovakAge at Arrival:   17

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Johan 1910 Cesenca, Ungary NiagaraLe Havre M

ay 17, 1910

Hungary, SlovenianAge at Arrival: 16y 6m   Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Otmar 1924 Danzig, Danzig George WashingtonBremen

Sep 28, 1924

Yugoslavia, GermanAge at Arrival:   22y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Josef 1909 Recica, Slovane(=Rečica) La ProvenceHavre

Jun 05, 1909

Slovenia, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   11y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Stanislas 1909 Recica, Slovane(=Rečica) La ProvenceHavre

Jun 05, 1909

Slovenia, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   7y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Helena 1909 Recica, Slovane(=Rečica) La ProvenceHavre

Jun 05, 1909

Slovenia, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   37y

Gender: F

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Janez 1905 Mozirje Kronprinz WilhelmBremen

May 24, 1905

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   16y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Tomas 1906 Ricica(=Rečica) La BretagneHavre

Feb 19, 1906

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   46y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Josefa 1905 Luce(=Luče) Graf WalderseeHamburg

May 19, 1905

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   10M   Gender: F

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Katarina 1905 Stovenian Luce(=Luče) Graf WalderseeHamburg

May 19, 1905

Austria, SlovenianAge At Arrival:   23y   Gender: F

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Matija 1903 Ponikve Kronprinz WilhelmBremen

Apr 14, 1903

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   30y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Amalia 1913 Cilli, Austria(=Celje) La SavoieLe Havre

Oct 11, 1913

Austria, CroatianAge at Arrival:   35y

Gender: F

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Florijan 1913 Cilli, Austria(=Celje) La SavoieLe Havre

Oct 11, 1913

Austria, CroatianAge at Arrival:   39y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Franz 1906 Cilli(=Celje) PhiladelphiaSouthampton

Jun 02, 1906

Austria, GermanAge at Arrival: 38y 2m   Gender: M

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Maria 1904 Mengur La LorraineHavre

Jun 04, 1904

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   8m

Gender: F

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Agnes 1904 Mengur La LorraineHavre

Jun 04, 1904

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   28y

Gender: F

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Aloysy 1906 Govce FinlandAntwerp

May 21, 1906

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   34y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Marya 1906 Govce FinlandAntwerp

May 21, 1906

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   25y

Gender: F

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Michael 1906 Govce FinlandAntwerp

May 21, 1906

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   25y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Alois 1913 Trstini, Austria NiagaraHavre

Sep 09, 1913

Austria, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   33y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Pragcidy 1913 Russia Martha WashingtonTrieste

Dec 08, 1913

Russia, RussianAge at Arrival:   25y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Alois 1921 Krsko, Jugoslavia Presidente WilsonTrieste

Jul 04, 1921

Yugoslavia, SlovenianAge at Arrival:   23y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Blois 1903 Tersieho New YorkSouthampton

Aug 02, 1903

Austria, AustrianAge at Arrival:   23y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Rosa 1905 Sheboygan, Wisc. Kronprinz WilhelmBremen

May 24, 1905

US CitizenAge at Arrival:   7y

Gender: F

Marital Status:   S

Praznik, Rosa 1905 Sheboygan, Wisc. Kronprinz WilhelmBremen

May 24, 1905

US CitizenAge at Arrival:   38y

Gender: F

Marital Status:   M

Praznik, Arie 1906 London Saint LouisSouthampton

Aug 25, 1906

Russia, HebrewAge at Arrival:   20y

Gender: M

Marital Status:   S

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